Botox is known all over the world as the easiest and fastest method of cyclic destruction, the use of which is increasing as its goals and results are learned. However, although its name is often heard and is always on the agenda, there is a lot that is unknown about botox. Botox, which has been used in the treatment of many neurological diseases until a short time ago, has been used extensively for aesthetic purposes in recent years.
WHAT IS BOTOX?
We call botox the form of the toxin secreted by the bacterium, whose Latin name is clostridium botulinum, which has been processed under laboratory conditions and made therapeutic for humans.
THE MECHANISM OF EFFECT OF BOTOX
Our entire body is controlled by the brain. When we want to make any movement, the movement residences coming out of the brain are transmitted to the November muscles through the nerves. The muscle stimulated by the nerve also November activates. Botox stops the secretion of molecules that provide communication in nerve endings, interrupting the communication between the nerves and the organs they work with. In this case, commands from the brain cannot reach the organs operated by the nerves, November muscles or sweat glands. The functioning of that organ, that is, the November muscles or sweat glands, becomes blocked.
USAGE AREAS OF BOTOX
In many areas of medicine, botox is used thanks to this mechanism of action. It is used in the prevention of muscle contractions in stroke patients, in the treatment of mimic movements performed without being aware of what we call tic, and in the correction of strabismus. Aesthetic surgeons, on the other hand, are often used to eliminate the dynamic facial lines that become evident due to the movements of the mimic muscles, for the treatment of excessive sweating, and for the treatment of migraine pains due to muscle tension. He uses botox to do it.
How does Botox reduce expression lines?
As a result of the movement of the facial mimic muscles for years, the lines formed due to folding on the skin become settled. Since these lines originate from muscle movements, we call them dynamic lines. For example, the horizontal lines on the forehead, the vertical lines between the muscles, the lines we call crow's feet around the eyes, and the vertical lines around the mouth are dynamic lines. The dynamic lines in the forehead area on the upper part of the face give an old, worn look, and the lines between the two muscles give an angry look with frowning muscles. The movements of facial mimic muscles are weak when botox is applied, and even the muscle does not work at all for a while. Due to the weakening of the movements of the muscles, the lines that appear with the movements of the muscles on the skin are gradually erased. As a result, the facial expression that looks angry, old, and weary is removed and it gains a younger, more lively expression.
Botox and Sweating Treatment
Botox can also be applied to sweat glands. In this way, the communication between the sweat glands and the nerve endings that operate them is interrupted. Thus, the excessive functioning of the sweat glands is prevented. Most people feel great discomfort, especially because of the problem of sweating under the armpits. Especially in the summer months, everyone has an armpit sweating. This condition makes both the person himself and his surroundings uncomfortable with the bad smell of sweat. If botox is to be applied for armpit sweating, the months before summer, especially April and May are the most suitable months. I apply botox to all my patients before entering the summer. A person who has had an armpit botox injection in May spends the whole summer without the problem of sweating and the smell of sweat. On the other hand, in some people, regardless of the season, the palms and soles of the feet can also sweat very intensely. I even have patients who are afraid to shake hands because their palms are constantly sweaty. Very successful results are obtained with botox application in people who have excessive sweating and who make this condition a social and psychological problem. The injection reduces sweating. The smell of sweat due to sweating eliminates the complaint.
Botox and Migraine Treatment
The effect of botox on migraine was unknown until recently. This treatment was discovered by chance when it was noticed that migraine attacks improved after botox injections in patients who were suffering from migraine and underwent botox injections to correct the wrinkles in the facial area. The underlying cause of a large part of migraine pain is the tension of the muscles in the bass area. If the tension of the muscles that cause painful attacks in migraine is eliminated, that is, the muscles are relaxed, the factor that causes migraine November is eliminated. Many agri-relieving drugs are used in the treatment of migraine. But the biggest advantage of botox is that botox does not relieve pain, it prevents the appearance of pain. 80-90% of migraine patients benefit from botox. The effect of botox in migraine treatment lasts about 4-6 months. In other words, after a botox application, the effect begins within 5-7 days, and you will have an agri-period for 4-6 months. When the effect starts to pass, a new injection needs to be given again.
How is the Botox injection application performed?
Botox is applied in the form of a drug injection. It is not an agricultural operation. The injection is performed with a very thin-tipped needle. At the moment of injection, you may feel slight pain due to the injection. The only pain you will feel is just that. If Botox migraine treatment is to be applied, it should be done inside the muscles that cause tension, if it is desired to correct the fractures, inside the muscles that cause the fractures, if sweating treatment is to be applied, it should be done under the skin in the area with sweating complaints. It is a process of 5-10 minutes in total. After applying the procedure, there is nothing that you need to calm down or pay attention to. You can continue your normal life exactly from where you left off.
Effect time of botox
The effect of Botox becomes sufficient 1 week after the injection application. The effect is increasing day by day. At the end of 1 month, it becomes settled. It stays at this level for 2-3 months. Then it slowly starts to decrease. The effect of botox applied to correct wrinkles and for the treatment of migraine disappears after 5-6 months. The effective period of botox applied for sweating treatment is longer. It has been observed that this period may extend up to 11 months in some patients. When the effect of Botox wears off, it can be applied again and again without any inconvenience. With repeated injections, the duration of action is longer.
Does Botox cause a dull and expressionless or asymmetrical appearance?
Botox is not a procedure that every doctor who receives an injector can apply. But unfortunately, it's almost like that. In order to do this application, it is necessary to have a great command of the anatomy of the facial muscles. We can assume that every doctor knows facial anatomy. However, this is not enough. It is very important to accurately determine the points where the injections will be made in the face area. Even 3-5 mm deviations from the correct point can adversely affect the result. For example, injecting into a muscle with a diameter of 0.5 cm requires very special experience and skill, as well as knowledge of anatomy. If the doctor cannot determine the injection points correctly or injects random doses into random points, there will be a dull facial expression, an expressionless face, asymmetry, everything happens. This is the reason why you hear so many negative rumors about Botox results. On the contrary, when the injection points are carefully determined and done by a person who knows the subject and knows the job, excellent results are obtained and a very natural appearance is achieved. When people who know you look at your face, they feel a difference, a change, a youth, but they cannot figure out where this difference comes from. This is the best part of your job. With the beauty that comes to your face, you will not even know that you have botox.
Does Botox have any side effects?
Botox has no side effects in terms of health. There may be a slight swelling, redness, or maybe instant bruising at the time of application. These are all temporary things, no need to take them seriously. In real terms, there is nothing negative about it. However, since there is no definite information about botox applications during pregnancy and lactation, I do not find it correct to apply it in pregnant and postpartum women. Botox is not recommended for people with neuromuscular system diseases, such as myasthenia gravis, and Eaton Lambert Syndrome.