What is Hirudotherapy (Leech Therapy)?
Hirudotherapy is the application of medicinal leeches for treatment. Although there are more than 600 species of leeches in nature, only 15 of them are classified as medicinal leeches. It benefits from various biological properties of medicinal leeches in hirudotherapy.
How is Hirudotherapy Applied?
Leech therapy includes an initial bite, which is usually painless, and a bonding period of 20 to 45 minutes, during which the leech sucks 5 to 15 ml of blood. It is often difficult to set an international standard for the number of leeches used, considering many factors such as the patient's age, gender, physical condition, general strength, and irritability to leeches. Therefore, determining the right number of leeches for the specific therapy session is relevant.
It depends on the intuition and experience of the expert who takes into account all relevant factors.
It has become increasingly important, especially in recent years, that medical leech therapy, which is one of the traditional and complementary treatment applications, has a therapeutic effect in many diseases by supporting conventional treatment.
The main diseases in which leech therapy is used;
• Varicose and venous vein problems
• Deep vein thrombosis
• Peripheral artery occlusions
• Some Eye Diseases (Behchet's disease, Uveitis, Glaucoma, retinal artery occlusion, Maculopathies, Yellow spot disease,
• In skeletal system diseases such as Arthritis and Arthrosis
• Migraine and tension headaches
• All kinds of muscle aches, fibromyalgias, restless legs syndrome
• Neck hernia, herniated disc, tendinitis, tenosynovitis, bursitis, inflammation and pain
• Nervous system diseases and paralysis (such as MS, ALS, PARKINSON…)
• Eczema, urticaria, chronic skin diseases, psoriasis and acne
Medical leech therapy should be applied in sterile and expert hands under hospital conditions.